The origin of the name is uncertain, but is thought to be a Gothic or Indo-Aryan term assigned to a Slavic tribe.
The Croats arrived in the area of present-day Croatia during the early part of the 7th century AD.
A middle power in international relations, it is a member of the European Union (EU), United Nations (UN), the Council of Europe, NATO, the World Trade Organization (WTO) and a founding member of the Union for the Mediterranean.
As an active participant in the UN peacekeeping forces, Croatia has contributed troops to the NATO-led mission in Afghanistan and took a non-permanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2008–2009 term.
), is a country situated at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, on the Adriatic Sea.
Its capital city is Zagreb, which forms one of the country's primary subdivisions, along with its twenty counties.